Building Rome Series

Use a Plan at the Plate to Increase Productivity


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Preparing a Hitter’s Plan at the Plate

The Mental Approach to Hitting Series

Baseball and Fast Pitch Softball


For High School and above, having a plan at the plate increases a hitter’s productivity. A strategic plan can also be a learning tool for focusing the hitter on what they do best. Creating and executing a plan at the plate, utilizing a tried and true plate approach, should be a part of every hitter’s game routine.

In this article Building Rome Series will describe how to prepare a useful plan at the plate. A template is provided for what should be in an effective plan and what should be left out. In eight steps we show how to prepare this template based on the type of hitter you are.


Building the High-Level Swing

This article is a condensed version of the more comprehensive training guide for improving a hitter’s plate approach found in Building the High-Level Swing, Volume 3 Increase Productivity.


Using the Plan at the Plate

plan at the plate

At first, preparing and executing a strategic plan may seem cumbersome. Stay with it; the plan will become easier to execute as the hitter finds what works best for them facing various types of pitchers.

Eventually the plan will become a source of comfort. A well-rehearsed plan at the plate will build confidence and result in a higher frequency of quality at bats.



Plan at the Plate for Youth Hitters

Plan at the Plate

Learning to be a student of the game, from an early age, can pay huge dividends as the hitter gains experience. Even younger players should be in the dugout watching and moving to the pitcher’s tempo and speed, striving to identify release point, types of pitches, pitching patterns, and evaluating the umpire’s zone.

At first, the youth hitter’s plan should contain one simple goal. Strike zone discipline, where the young hitter strives to swing only at strikes, is an appropriate first goal. Then, as the level of competition increases, the plan should gradually evolve to contain more intricate and difference strategies depending on first pitch, no strikes, one strike, and two strikes. 


Keep the Plan at the Plate Simple

The hitter must be careful not to clog their mind with too much strategy. The Eight-Step Strategic Plan is constructed to contain just enough planning for a productive at bat. It does not and should not contain all the small nuances which can arise in a typical at bat. There is only so much the hitter can plan for. The rest should be left to reacting and trusting their preparation.


Fit the Plan at the Plate to the Player

The Eight-Step Strategic Plan is provided as a checklist to get the hitter started planning. As experience is gained, the plan should be adjusted and modified for the strengths, weaknesses, and goals of the specific hitter.


Internalizing the Plan at the Plate

plan at the plate

If the only time the hitter goes through the planning process is during a game situation, their brain will know this is not the norm. The athlete responds by being overly conscious, because the planning is not automatic.

So, how do we make the planning process more automatic and improved? We practice it. A successful hitter’s routines are so well practiced that decision making at the plate can be on autopilot. 

Plate approach should be thought about in the dugout, on deck circle, and when the hitter steps out of the box between pitches. Reviewing the plan at these moments best prepares the batter to execute the “looks” contained in the plan.


No Internal Thinking in the Box

But once the hitter enters the box, thought patterns should resume being external and automatic. The mind is cleared with singular focus on seeing the ball. Looks will happen automatically when they have been deliberately practiced and applied.

If the planning process is incorporated in the hitter’s game routine, each season of competitive play will move the hitter closer to the ideal of consistent quality at bats.



The Eight-Step Strategic Plan at the Plate

Downloadable Template for The Eight-Step Strategic Plan

  • Step 1: Know Your Role

For example, is the hitter a contact hitter, gap hitter, or home run hitter.


  • Step 2: Know the Situation

The game situation can change the hitter’s strategic approach.


  • Step 3: Know Your Ideal Hitting Zones

The hitter must develop a good feeling for the type and location of pitches they hit hard, as well as the pitches where they typically struggle. This puts the hitter in an improved position to productively look for a pitch.


  • Step 4: Know the Pitcher.

Knowing the pitcher can be accomplished by observing warm-ups and the pattern of pitches during the game.

“It is not really so complicated. It is a matter of being observant …”. (Williams T. , Science of Hitting, 1970)

  • Step 5: Know the Umpire.

Does the umpire have a wide zone, tight zone, or favor a certain location?


  • Step 6: Decide on Position in the Box.

Distance From Plate.

Front to Rear in Box.


  • Step 7: Decide on Swing Thought.

A swing thought is a keen focus, performed outside the batter’s box, on a single hitting mechanic or goal.

For example, the hitter recognizes they struck out swinging under a high strike during the previous at bat. Before the next at bat, the hitter chooses a swing thought to aim for the top of the ball when pitch location is above the waist. They visualize their adjusted swing path.

Once entering the batter’s box, the swing thought should be put on automatic, allowing the visualization process to work.


  • Step 8: Make Strike Count Plan.


Plan on First Pitch (0-0 Count)



  • Take.

“Many hitters will stride but take the first pitch in the first inning of a new pitcher. The advantages are to time and get your tempo to match the pitcher’s speed and delivery.” (Williams T. , Science of Hitting, 1970) 

  • Look for a fast ball in the hitter’s ideal hitting zone.

“A good hitter can hit a pitch in a good spot three times better than a great hitter can hit a ball in a questionable spot.” (Williams T. , Science of Hitting, 1970)

The hitter should isolate the fast ball, in their ideal zone, and take any pitch not in the ideal zone or with slower speed.

  • Look for a type of pitch other than fast ball.

If the hitter guesses correctly, there is a good chance they will make solid contact. To prevent a weak hit and out, it is crucial the hitter take the pitch if it is a faster speed or different spin.


No Strikes or Way Ahead (Count 1-0, 2-0, 3-0, 3-1)



  • Take.

The pitcher has been observed to have marginal control. The hitter will take until first strike is called and will take with 3-1 count. This gives the pitcher increased opportunities to walk the batter.

  • Look for a fast ball in their ideal hitting zone(s).

Just as the smart pitcher takes advantage of being ahead in the count, the smart hitter understands when they have the advantage.


One Strike (Count 0-1, 1-1, 2-1)



  • Use a two-strike plan.

If the hitter is facing a great pitcher, they may not want to get to a two-strike count. In this situation, the hitter may want to utilize a two-strike approach (see Two Strikes below) with one-strike.

  • To narrow possibilities look for any type of pitch in a specific location.

“Through experience, I can attest that trying to look for a certain type of pitch each and every at-bat is extremely difficult. There are times when the hitter can look for a specific pitch and have some success but to maximize the likelihood of success, players should look for pitches by location and use the appropriate swing path.” (Hitting Low in the Zone: A New Baseball Paradigm). 

When looking for a pitch in a certain location, the hitter should be timed for a fastball then recognize and adjust to off speed.

  • Think like the pitcher and look for a specific pitch.

“Know what pitch got you out last at bat. Know what pitch made you look silly in same at bat and look for it again.” (Williams T. , Science of Hitting, 1970)

  • Use best guess to look for a fast ball high or low.
  • Look for a fast ball in their ideal hitting zone(s).
  • See the ball and react.

The hitter does not have any preconceived notion about the type of pitch or location. They are ready to hit any pitch.


Two Strikes (Count 0-2, 1-2, 2-2, 3-2)


Striving to drive the ball hard, when the hitter’s back is against the wall, has challenged hitters from the earliest days of the sport. The primary reason two-strike hitting is so difficult is because it is the only time the hitter must guard against every pitch type, speed, and location which the pitcher can throw.

With two strikes and less than full count, most pitchers want to get the batter out without giving them a good pitch to hit. They want to throw a breaking ball that the hitter sees as a strike but then breaks out of the zone. Or surprise the hitter with a fast ball just off the corner. It is crucial the hitter is aware of these goals and be ready to take the chase pitch.



  • Allow all pitches travel to mid-body and utilize an inside-out swing path.

A primary concern when facing a great pitcher, having good velocity and change of speeds, is the inside fastball. The hitter knows they must be quick to get the barrel out front on the potential inside fast ball.

Through a strategy of allowing all pitches to travel into the body, past the hitter’s front foot, the timing issue for the inside fast ball is eliminated. The hitter now has more decision time to evaluate close pitches. Timing off speed and movement pitches also becomes easier.

  • Prepare for in-between speed.

The hitter should average the pitcher’s slowest and fastest pitch then strive to time their swing to this average. By doing this, the hitter can have a chance to catch up to the faster speed pitch, yet still be able to stay back and put the off speed strike in play.

  • Expand the zone and battle.
  • Look away, react in.

With this approach, the hitter is giving up on the inside pitch to look for the most likely pitch location, outside. The idea is the hitter can’t cover everything. This will help the hitter with fast balls and movement pitches the pitcher is trying to throw over the outside corner.  

  • Shorten the swing.

Shorten the swing by moving closer to the plate, slightly open up foot alignment, spread out the width of the stance, choke up slightly, and/or load hands to a point just behind the hitter’s chin.

  • Choke Up.
  • No Stride.

Eliminating the stride has similar advantages to choking without plate coverage issues. Also, for many hitters, no-stride may be less detrimental to bat speed than choking.

  • Flat Bat.

An option requiring the hitter to dramatically shorten their swing by pointing the barrel at the umpire’s head with no further load of hands.

  • See the ball and react.              


Final Words

To win championships, extending at bats and increasing pitch counts are the keys. Hitters must often take borderline pitches early in the count. Remember, even a great pitcher will make at least one mistake every at bat.

Accomplished hitters have a high degree of focus on planning for each game at bat. Plan well to hit well!


Building Rome Series Blog: The Mental Approach to Hitting Series

Here are other videos and articles in The Mental Approach to Hitting Series:

Train Brain for Better Hitting

Eight Steps to a Productive Plan at the Plate

When and How to Look for a Pitch

How to Improve Seeing the Ball

The Magic of Hitting Focus

How to Train Hitting Scientifically

How to Change a Bad Batting Habit


Building Rome Series Books: Building the High-Level Swing

step by step hitting fundamentalsBuilding the High-Level Swing, Volumes 1, 2, and 3 contains a detailed and comprehensive examination of over 100 hitting fundamentals, techniques, and options.

In the Building Rome Series of books, fundamentals are built step by step. Construction of skills are in functional order, providing a “roadmap” to becoming a great hitter.

All baseball and fast pitch softball players can “climb the steps of the Roman Coliseum” to becoming a powerful and productive hitter.

Enjoy the quest!