Batting Stance Posture Experimentation Drill

Baseball and Fastpitch Softball


This Batting Stance Posture Experimentation Drill article is excerpted from our new book The Ultimate Hitting Training Guide (click for book details).


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Experimentation in a Nutshell

Before making evaluations and comparisons between different swing strategies, it is crucial to first build a comfort level for the swing change, including timing adjustments. But the hitter avoids practicing the experimental change so much as it becomes habitual – they may not choose to adopt the change. After analyzing metrics, try the swing changes in game-like conditions and, based on the results, decide whether to deliberately habit-build. Creating automaticity for the new batting adjustment is the final step.


Batting Stance Posture Experimentation Drill

Coaches cry out “stand tall” or, conversely, “be athletic.” How a hitter executes their transition from stance into launch position affects momentum and seeing the ball.

Purpose – Experiment with various degrees of athleticism in the hitter’s stance to determine the most powerful or productive.

Review –


Attention Focus – First, use an Internal focus on assuming different postures in the stance and then switch to an External Process focus on swinging the bat fast, allowing transitional movements to self-organize (click The Magic of Mental Focus for Hitters for how to use mental focus to improve practice and performance).


Step 1 (Measure Power with Upright Posture in Hitting Stance)

batting stance posture

Upright Stance: 10 degrees Spine Angle

Narrow Width of Feet

Slight Knee Bend

Straight Back Side

More Head and Shoulder Movement Required to Transition to an Athletic Hitting Position

Batting Stance Posture

Hitting Position

Although most experienced hitters are nearly upright in their stance, they increase their inward spine angle and knee bend as they transition to hitting position (see images above).

Directions –

Use a heavy-hitting bag to begin. Ask the hitter to take their stance with a 10-degree spine angle and only a slight knee bend (image top). As they gather, the hitter “sits back,” moving into a more athletic position with a 20-degree spine angle and increased bending in the knees. The hitter’s head drops and moves in toward the plate (image above). Ask the hitter to sit back, in tempo, and then hit the heavy bag hard. Repeat until the hitter feels a powerful rhythm.

Next, repeat the same athletic transition for 50 swings using front toss. Again, wait to do speed measurements until the hitter has a moderate comfort level with the new transitioning method.

Small changes to the hitter’s swing movements, or in tempo (pace), or the barrel’s speed, translate to significant timing impacts. Use a pitching machine or live BP until the hitter is comfortable transitioning and makes solid contact towards the middle of the field.

Now the hitter is ready to do analysis. Measure peak and average overall bat speed when transitioning from an upright stance (click the link for how to Measure Bat Speed).


Step 2 (Measure Power with Athletic Posture in The Batting Stance)

batting stance posture

Athletic Stance: 20 degrees Spine Angle

Athletic Width of Feet

Moderate Knee Bend

Straight Back Side

Simple Transition to an Athletic Hitting Position (without affecting vision)                                 


To increase simplicity, developing hitters can utilize a spine angle of twenty degrees in their stance with moderate knee bend (athletic). 

Directions – Use the same process as in Step 1 to develop feeling, comfort, timing, and then measure overall bat speed when transitioning from an athletic stance.


Step 3 (Measure Power with Crouched Posture in the Batting Stance) – OPTIONAL

batting stance posture

Directions –

Use the same process as in Step 1 to develop feeling, comfort, timing, and then measure overall bat speed when transitioning from a crouched stance.


Step 4 (Game-Like Test)

Directions –

 For each of the three stance postures, allow the hitter at least three at-bats to evaluate vision, feel, and power under game-like conditions in a situation where the pitcher is trying to strike the batter out. Expect issues with confidence, timing, and off-speed when facing competitive pitching with relatively unfamiliar movement patterns. Step 4 aims to weigh any batting issues arising from new stance positioning against increased power or productivity potential.


Step 5 (Build Automaticity/Baseline for Posture in the Batting Stance)

Use the bat speed metrics combined with the game-like results to decide whether to move ahead with habituating the posture change in the hitter’s stance. If a change is to be made, construct baseline automaticity (click Make a New Hitting Habit) by performing the stride and approach drills (find drills in Tool XI: Universal Stride and Approach Drills of The Ultimate Hitting Training Guide).



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